The 2009 Census of Population and Housing was held on 22 November 2009 and is the fourth full national census completed in the country. This 2009 Census report provides an analysis about the population of the country and its social, demographic and housing characteristics. There are 6 chapters focusing on various topics such as: population profile and change, demographic components, social characteristics, household and housing, population projections, and implications of demographic trends.
The 2009 census determined that the total population was 515,870. This compares with 409,042 people in 1999, and represents an increase of 26.3% or 106,828 people. This population increase represents an average annual growth rate of 2.3%, or an increase of 10,661 people per year.